Shani Darden Retinol Reform Review - The Dermatology Review

Shani Darden Retinol Reform Review

SKIN CARE REVIEWS

07.01.20 AD DISCLOSURE

What is Shani Darden Retinol Reform?

Celebrity esthetician Shani Darden has her own line of skincare products that includes a cleanser, toning essence, moisturizer, and several serums, one of the most popular being Shani Darden Retinol Reform. This night serum is claimed to provide multiple anti-aging benefits without the dryness and irritation often experienced with other retinol products. It is said to work by boosting collagen production and improving cell turnover to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, uneven tone, dullness, blemishes, and acne scars. Lastly, this serum is said to help brighten and smooth skin, so you get both immediate benefits and long-term results. 

What are the key ingredients in Shani Darden Retinol Reform?

You can probably guess that retinol is the key ingredient in Shani Darden Retinol Reform. But what exactly does retinol do for your skin? Read on to learn about the benefits of retinol, as well as the other key ingredients you’ll find in Shani Darden Retinol Reform. 

Retinol is another name for vitamin A, which is found in certain foods and can also be synthetically made as a dietary supplement or for use in topical formulations such as facial creams and serums. When applied to the skin, retinol is clinically proven to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, improve uneven skin tone, restore skin firmness, and shrink the appearance of enlarged pores. Retinol provides all of these benefits by first being converted to retinoic acid (its active form) after being absorbed into the skin. Then, retinoic acid interacts with the retinoic acid (RAR) and retinoid X receptors (RXR) located in the nucleus of the cell. These nuclear receptors increase the production of procollagen and function to block the release of inflammatory mediators. Finally, retinol functions as an antioxidant and helps the skin combat free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin

With all of the anti-aging benefits provided by retinol, you may be asking: what’s not to love about this skin care ingredient? Unfortunately, retinol products are notorious for causing skin dryness and irritation. These side effects are largely due to how retinol works: increase in cellular turnover reveals a fresh, smooth layer of new skin, but this can also cause dryness and irritation because of transepidermal water loss. Fortunately, Shani Darden took this into consideration, which is why Retinol Reform contains a stable, quick penetrating, slow release form of retinol that minimizes irritation.

Another key ingredient in Shani Darden Retinol Reform is lactic acid, a type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). AHAs exfoliate the skin by targeting corneocytes (dead skin cells that make up the stratum corneum) in a process called corneocyte desquamation. By enhancing their breakdown and increasing the separation of skin cells, the rate of cell turnover is increased, leading to smoother, more radiant skin. Compared to other AHAs, lactic acid is pretty gentle due to its large molecular size. Additionally, lactic acid is known to boost the skin’s hydration, thereby helping the skin to look and feel healthy, smooth, and supple. 

Shani Darden Retinol Reform also includes Lactobacillus ferment, a type of probiotic that helps to balance the skin’s microbiome. The microbiome is a population of many types of bacteria (over 10,000 different species) that are both good and bad. When there’s more bad bacteria than good, skin conditions like acne, sensitive skin, and bumpy, uneven skin texture can develop. Thus, keeping the microbiome balanced is critical in maintaining healthy skin. 

The final key ingredient in Shani Darden Retinol Reform is Pyrus malus (apple) fruit extract. Apple fruit extract contains several types of flavonoids (i.e., catechins, flavanols, and quercetin). Flavonoids possess antioxidant activity, which helps to protect the skin from free radical damage caused by things like UV exposure, pollution, and other environmental factors. Apple fruit extract also contains pectin, a type of fiber. A study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science found that apple pectin can promote epidermal growth and improve the skin barrier function. 

The rest of the Shani Darden Retinol Reform formula contains emollients like carnauba wax and phospholipids, as well as several more antioxidants like green tea leaf extract, vitamin E, and aloe vera leaf juice. Fortunately, Shani Darden Retinol Reform is formulated without harmful ingredients like fragrance, sulfates, parabens, and phthalates. 

How to use Shani Darden Retinol Reform

Shani Darden Retinol Reform should be used in the evening after your cleanser and toner. Apply the serum to dry skin and follow with a moisturizer. The brand recommends to only use Retinol Reform 1 to 2 times a week initially. Then, add a day each week, building up to using as often as your skin can tolerate. Do not use Shani Darden Retinol Reform if you are pregnant or nursing. 

Where is Shani Darden Retinol Reform sold?

Shani Darden Retinol Reform is sold on the brand’s website, as well as third party online retailers like Sephora and Amazon. 

What is the Shani Darden Skincare return policy?

The Shani Darden Skincare return policy states, “If you’re not 100% satisfied with your order, please email us at [email protected] with your order number and reason for return within 30 days of your delivery date so we can review and authorize your return.”

Is Shani Darden cruelty free?

Shani Darden Skincare is cruelty free and the brand supports alternative, cruelty-free methods of safety testing

Shani Darden Retinol Reform reviews

Shani Darden Retinol Reform reviews on the brand’s website are overall very positive, with an average rating of 4.8 out of 5 stars after nearly 300 customer reviews. Most of the reviews are 5-star, raving reviews from very happy customers. We noticed that many reviews mention an improvement in skin tone and texture. For example, one Shani Darden Retinol Reform review says, “I will always use this product, It’s fantastic I use it every night after using cleansing serum to wash my face. My face looks and feels amazing. Retinol Reform has improved my skin tone, the consistency in my skin has been amazing. I can’t wait to apply it at night.” Other customers mention reduced acne breakouts, as well as improvements in hyperpigmentation (dark spots). 

While most of the Shani Darden Retinol Reform reviews are positive, it’s important to take a look at the negative reviews, too. We gathered that most of the customers who left negative reviews either didn’t see the results they were looking for or broke out in a rash (or both!). For example, one reviewer shares, “I was reading reviews about this product and I have decided to try it. It’s been a month since I’ve been using it and nothing changed. Every time I use it my skin breakout even more. I’m very disappointed with the product. I use it every day, it seems like it’s not even working on my skin! Would never spend my money on it again!”

What are some alternatives to Shani Darden Retinol Reform?

Overall, we think that Shani Darden Retinol Reform is a good choice if you want to start incorporating retinol into your nightly routine. We like that the brand uses encapsulated retinol to avoid irritation, and we like that the product is fragrance-free and doesn’t contain harmful ingredients. But if you’ve tried retinol products in the past without any noticeable changes in your skin, you may need to use other anti-aging skincare ingredients, such as peptides. One peptide serum we recommend is Formulyst’s Anti-Wrinkle Peptide Serum. 

The Anti-Wrinkle Peptide Serum is a fragrance-free, anti-aging serum that combines six rejuvenating peptides into one formula. All of these peptides have a unique mechanism of action, and they work together to help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The peptides are combined in a base of several potent hydrating ingredients, including glycerin, Chondrus Crispus extract, and sodium hyaluronate. Ultimately, Formulyst Anti-Wrinkle Peptide Serum can help to promote skin that looks and feels smoother, stronger, and more youthful.

THE BEST SKIN CARE LINES 2020

1

Formulyst

The philosophy of Formulyst is long-term and effective skincare, rather than covering up any imperfections. The comprehensive line of products tackles everything from wrinkles to dark spots and dry skin. While some brands rely on unnecessary fillers and scents, Formulyst focuses on ingredients that help create results, such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Many of the Formulyst’s products harness the power of plant and citrus extracts as well as gold-standard workhorses such as retinol. Read More
2

Advanced Dermatology

The Advanced Dermatology skin care regimen addresses the most pressing aging concerns. It can be used by men and women in their 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s and beyond. This award-winning system can help diminish wrinkle appearance, reduce dark spots and hyperpigmentation, fade away redness, even out skin tone and improve the appearance of eye bags and dark circles. Some of the standout products in this line include the Super Youth Serum, Complete Age Defense and Anti-Wrinkle Firming Night Treatment. Read More

Aqua (Water

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Eau)

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an emollient, dispersing agent, and thickener that is used in a variety of cosmetics, facial moisturizers, body moisturizers, sunscreen products, and perfume....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Glycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Glycerin is an ingredient that can be found in many beauty products because of its moisture locking properties. It is a form of sugar alcohol that is available naturally in...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Pyrus malus is the name given to apple-derived ingredients used in skin care products. However, Pyrus malus is a genus and species name for apple that is not in current...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Lactic Acid

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

Lactic acid is an organic compound that is produced both naturally and synthetically. It is found primarily in sour milk products (i.e. yogurt, kefir, cottage cheese). With a hydroxyl group

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Hydroxyethyl acrylate/sodium acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer is comprised of sodium hydroxyethyl acrylate and acryloyldimethyl taurate monomers. In cosmetics and personal care products, it functions as a gelling agent that thickens, emulsifies,

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Lactobacillus Ferment

FUNCTIONS:

Fermented Ingredient

Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms.The benefits of fermented ingredients in skin care are similar to the benefits of consuming fermented foods, which aid in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. In skin care products, microorganisms like bacteria or yeast release enzymes that break down other ingredients into smaller molecules. Active ingredients in skin care products are often too large to penetrate deeply into the skin, so by breaking them down into smaller molecules, fermented ingredients facilitate the absorption of these ingredients. Better absorption leads to better results. In addition to easier and quicker absorption, fermentation works to increase the nutrient density, making the product’s ingredients more powerful. For example, fermented yeast adds beneficial nutrients to the product formulation since the fermentation process produces amino acids, peptides, beta-glucans, and more. These nutrients help to stimulate the skin’s cellular renewal and improve hydration. Lastly, fermented ingredients reduce the risk of skin irritation by neutralizing toxic substances, such as heavy metals and pesticides that may be present in trace amounts. By neutralizing toxins, fermented ingredients make the product safer, more effective, and better tolerated for sensitive skin types.

FUNCTIONS:

Fermented Ingredient

Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms.The benefits of fermented ingredients in skin care are similar to the benefits of consuming fermented foods, which aid in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. In skin care products, microorganisms like bacteria or yeast release enzymes that break down other ingredients into smaller molecules. Active ingredients in skin care products are often too large to penetrate deeply into the skin, so by breaking them down into smaller molecules, fermented ingredients facilitate the absorption of these ingredients. Better absorption leads to better results. In addition to easier and quicker absorption, fermentation works to increase the nutrient density, making the product’s ingredients more powerful. For example, fermented yeast adds beneficial nutrients to the product formulation since the fermentation process produces amino acids, peptides, beta-glucans, and more. These nutrients help to stimulate the skin’s cellular renewal and improve hydration. Lastly, fermented ingredients reduce the risk of skin irritation by neutralizing toxic substances, such as heavy metals and pesticides that may be present in trace amounts. By neutralizing toxins, fermented ingredients make the product safer, more effective, and better tolerated for sensitive skin types.

Isohexadecane

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Isohexadecane is a synthetic ingredient used as a cleansing agent, skin-conditioning agent, and a texture enhancer in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Retinol

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Retinol is another name for vitamin A, which is naturally found in certain foods. Retinol can also be synthetically produced as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in skin

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Copernicia Cerifera Cera (Copernicia Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax

Cire De Carnauba)

Glucosamine Hcl

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Glucosamine hydrochloride (HCl) is a form of glucosamine, an amino sugar that occurs naturally in the fluid around the joints and plays a vital role in building cartilage. In the

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Plankton Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Plankton are the diverse collection of organisms, such as bacteria, archaea, protozoa, and algae, that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current. The...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. Green tea extract comes from the steaming and drying...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice

Tocopheryl Acetate

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Tocopheryl acetate is a form of vitamin E used in skin care products due to its powerful antioxidant properties and natural skin-conditioning effects....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Hydrogenated Lecithin

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Linoleic Acid

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Linoleic acid is a fatty acid that functions as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics and personal care products. Research has also demonstrated that linoleic acid possesses anti-inflammatory, acne...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Phospholipids

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Phospholipids are a class of lipids that consist of two hydrophobic fatty acid "tails" and a hydrophilic "head" consisting of a phosphate group, which are joined together by a glycerol

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Propanediol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Propanediol is a naturally derived ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as an emollient, humectant, and solvent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sodium Cocoamphoacetate

FUNCTIONS:

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

FUNCTIONS:

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Polysorbate 60

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Oryza sativa is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. Bran is the hard outer layer of the grain, often produced as a by-product of milling...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Rosmarinus officinalis, also known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. It produces white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. Extracts from the leaves...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Tocopherol

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Tocopherols are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that exhibit vitamin E activity and are used in skin care products due to their ability to protect the skin from...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba

(Guar) Gum

Maltodextrin

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Maltodextrin is a plant-based sugar that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a moisturizer, absorbent, binding agent, emulsion stabilizer, and film-forming agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Xanthan Gum

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Xanthan gum is a natural polysaccharide that is added to cosmetics and personal care products as a binder, emulsion stabilizer, surfactant emulsifying agent, and a viscosity increasing agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Lecithin

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Lecithin describes a natural substance made up of fatty acids that functions as an emollient, emulsifier, and penetration enhancer when added to formulations of cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Hydrolyzed Algin

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Hydrolyzed algin is a hydrolysate of algin, a polysaccharide obtained from brown seaweeds. In cosmetics and personal care products, hydrolyzed algin functions as a humectant moisturizer and skin-conditioning agent. A

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Xylitylglucoside

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Anhydroxylitol

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Xylitol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that is used as a sugar substitute in food, beverages, and in the flavoring of many toothpastes and gums. Xylitol has about the same sweetness

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Bht

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

BHT stands for butylated hydroxytoluene, an organic compound that is used in cosmetics and personal care products for its antioxidant properties....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Bha

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

Sodium Hydroxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient that is used in small amounts in cosmetics and personal care products to establish and hold the pH of a product....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Phenoxyethanol

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Phenoxyethanol is glycol ether used as a preservative in cosmetic products and medicines. This is a kind of ether alcohol with aromatic properties that can enhance a skin product’s scent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Caprylyl Glycol

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Caprylyl glycol is a skin conditioning agent that adds moisturization and wetting properties to many cosmetics and personal care products, as well as functions as a preservative booster....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Ethylhexylglycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Ethylhexylglycerin is a natural preservative derived from glycerin that also functions as a surfactant, a deodorizing agent, and a skin-conditioning agent in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Hexylene Glycol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Hexylene glycol functions as a surfactant, emulsifier, and a viscosity-reducing agent in many different cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

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