Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum Review - The Dermatology Review

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum Review

SKIN CARE REVIEWS

05.01.20 AD DISCLOSURE

What is Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum?

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum is a lightweight, creamy anti-aging moisturizer that is said to regenerate surface cells and deliver anti-aging ingredients 10 layers deep into the skin’s surface. It is also claimed to hydrate the skin to improve elasticity, firm skin for a lifted look, and instantly diminish the look of wrinkles. With all of these claims, it seems as though Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum can do it all! In order to see if this Olay serum truly delivers these benefits, we’re going to evaluate the key ingredients in the formula. Plus, we’ll compare the serum to the brand’s cream from the same line, as well as evaluate Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum reviews from real customers. 

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum ingredients

If you’ve read any of our Olay reviews, you know that Olay loves to use niacinamide in nearly all of their skin care products. Not surprisingly, niacinamide is a key ingredient found in Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum. But in case you’re new here, we’ll explain what niacinamide is and how it can benefit your skin. 

Niacinamide is the amide form of vitamin B3 (niacin) that provides many benefits to the skin. For instance, niacinamide is well known as a potent antioxidant. Antioxidants help the skin combat free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition, studies have shown that niacinamide can repair the skin barrier and improve skin moisture, as well as reduce inflammation, blotchiness, hyperpigmentation, acne, and wrinkling.

Another vitamin that Olay loves to use is panthenol, also known as provitamin B5. Panthenol is a highly effective humectant, which means it has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups. This structure allows humectants to attract and retain the moisture in the air nearby via absorption, drawing the water vapor into or beneath the surface of the skin. In addition to improving skin hydration, humectants like panthenol can help give the skin a more plump appearance.

Another key ingredient found in Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum is palmitoyl pentapeptide-4, a type of matrikine. Matrikines are messenger peptides that regulate cell activities through cell signaling. For example, when the collagen protein is degraded, matrikines send signals to fibroblasts to produce new collagen. Since matrikines have the ability to increase the production of collagen, elastin, and other macromolecules in the ECM, synthetic peptides like palmitoyl pentapeptide-4 have been created to mimic these effects. The result is stronger, firmer skin. 

We’d also like to point out that the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum contains a high concentration of several different types of silicones, such as cyclopentasiloxane, dimethicone, dimethicone crosspolymer, and more. Silicones improve the spreadability of a product and impart a silky, smooth skin feel. In addition, silicones function as film-forming agents by forming an invisible film on the surface of the skin that helps the skin to retain moisture

How to use Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum

After cleansing, apply Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum to your entire face and neck, morning and night. 

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum vs. Cream

If you’ve been thinking about trying the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum, you may be wondering what the difference is between this product and the cream from the Olay Regenerist line. Interestingly, the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Cream is actually far more popular than the serum, although the formulas are pretty similar. 

The cream has the same key ingredients as the serum, including niacinamide, panthenol, and palmitoyl pentapeptide-4. However, the cream includes sodium hyaluronate (salt form of hyaluronic acid), which is an excellent hydrating ingredient. Another difference is that the serum includes high concentrations of silicones, whereas the cream includes more emollients. Thus, the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum may provide you with a silkier, lighter feel than the cream. 

Where is Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum sold?

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum and other Olay skin care products are sold on the brand’s website, as well as third party ecommerce websites such as Amazon, eBay, Ulta, and more. You can also purchase Olay skin care products from drug stores like Walgreens, CVS, Walmart, Target, and more. 

What is the Olay return policy?

The Olay return policy states, “You will be responsible for the shipping charges to return the item(s). To obtain your refund, the item must be returned to us, unopened and in its original packaging, with all accessories, within 30 days of the date upon which we provided the item to the carrier for shipment to you.” 

Is Olay cruelty free?

Olay is not cruelty free. Olay is owned by Procter & Gamble, a company that tests on animals.

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum reviews

Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum reviews on the brand’s website are a mix of positive and negative, with the product receiving an average rating of 4.2 out of 5 stars. There are many positive reviews for this serum that report it has a better texture than the cream, which some find to be too rich. There are also quite a few reviews that confirm this serum does provide noticeable results. 

One very positive Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum review says, “I use this serum in the morning before the moisturizing lotion and in the evening before the night repair elixir and my skin is so soft and it just glows…not to mention it has improved the look of crows feet, brow lines, and smile lines.” 

There are also many reviewers that appreciate the low cost of this product, especially since they noticed it did provide results that were similar to more expensive products. For example, one reviewer shares, “This product has been tested and compared to many products that were much more expensive and the Olay product won every time. It is more effective and it is at a price that most can afford.”

There are some negative Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum reviews from customers who were disappointed not to see the results they were hoping for, even after going through several bottles of this product. For example, one reviewer says, “I have been through 2 bottles of this and noticed absolutely no difference in my skin. Disappointed for sure.” There are also quite a few negative reviews that mention this product is too heavily fragranced. 

What are some alternatives to Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum?

Overall, we think the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum formula is good, but it’s really similar to many other Olay skin care products. The key ingredients in the serum (niacinamide, panthenol, palmitoyl pentapeptide-4) are beneficial, but they really aren’t unique. If you’ve tried products from the Olay Regenerist line without any results, you may want to consider an alternative to the Olay Regenerist Micro Sculpting Serum, such as Formulyst

One Formulyst product we recommend is the Anti-Aging Concentrate, a highly concentrated formula that conditions your complexion and helps reduce the appearance of age spots, wrinkles, and fine lines. This serum contains natural ingredients like squalane, green tea, vitamin C, and vitamin E. All of these ingredients provide powerful antioxidant activity, protecting the skin against environmental free radicals that are known to degrade collagen. In addition, this serum contains Matrixyl 3000, a peptide complex composed of the matrikines palmitoyl tripeptide-1 and palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7. These two peptides work synergistically to restore and maintain the skin’s youthful appearance by signaling to cells to produce more collagen. Overall, Formulyst Anti-Aging Concentrate is a multi-tasking serum that is formulated to help promote the five signs of youth – radiance, elasticity, firmness, skin tone and smoothness.

Another Formulyst product we recommend is the Pro-Collagen Serum, a lightweight, restorative serum specifically formulated for aging skin that has experienced a loss of collagen. The formula contains a highly concentrated mix of peptides and proteins, derived from seaweed, wheat, and soy, to help tackle these signs of aging. Apply a few drops of this hydrating serum to help skin look smoother and younger. 

THE BEST SKIN CARE LINES 2020

1

Formulyst

The philosophy of Formulyst is long-term and effective skincare, rather than covering up any imperfections. The comprehensive line of products tackles everything from wrinkles to dark spots and dry skin. While some brands rely on unnecessary fillers and scents, Formulyst focuses on ingredients that help create results, such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Many of the Formulyst’s products harness the power of plant and citrus extracts as well as gold-standard workhorses such as retinol. Read More
2

Advanced Dermatology

The Advanced Dermatology skin care regimen addresses the most pressing aging concerns. It can be used by men and women in their 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s and beyond. This award-winning system can help diminish wrinkle appearance, reduce dark spots and hyperpigmentation, fade away redness, even out skin tone and improve the appearance of eye bags and dark circles. Some of the standout products in this line include the Super Youth Serum, Complete Age Defense and Anti-Wrinkle Firming Night Treatment. Read More

Water

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

When you see “water\aqua\eau” on a product’s ingredient label, it simply means water. Manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products are required by law to list all of the ingredients...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Cyclopentasiloxane

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Cyclopentasiloxane is one of the most common ingredients used in personal care products today. Synthetically manufactured, it is a silicone derivative that carries a variety of skin and hair applications,...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Glycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Glycerin is an ingredient that can be found in many beauty products because of its moisture locking properties. It is a form of sugar alcohol that is available naturally in...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Niacinamide

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that forms when the body absorbs more niacin than it actually needs. This chemical can be found in many different kinds of foods...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Aluminum starch octenylsuccinate is the aluminum salt of the reaction product of octenylsuccinic anhydride with starch. In cosmetics and personal care products, aluminum starch octenylsuccinate functions as an absorbent, anticaking

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Dimethicone

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone, which is a silicone oil, is also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and is used in a number of health and beauty products. Those who purchase skin care products with...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone Crosspolymer

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone crosspolymer is a silicone derivative that functions as a skin and hair conditioning agent, film-forming agent, thickening agent, and texture enhancer in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Panthenol

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Panthenol is a common ingredient that is found in a number of hair and skin products because of its ability to attract moisture and build healthier hair. This ingredient, which...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Polyethylene

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Polyethylene is a synthetic ingredient that is used for a variety of purposes in cosmetics and personal care products, including as a binder, thickener, film-forming agent, emulsion stabilizer, and abrasive....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Polyacrylamide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Polyacrylamide is a polymer that is used in a wide variety of cosmetics and personal care products due to its ability to form a thin coating on the skin, hair,...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Titanium Dioxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Titanium dioxide is the naturally occurring oxide of the element titanium. In cosmetics and personal care products, titanium dioxide functions as a sunscreen active ingredient, pigment, and thickener. Titanium dioxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Tocopheryl Acetate

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Tocopheryl acetate is a form of vitamin E used in skin care products due to its powerful antioxidant properties and natural skin-conditioning effects....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

C13-14 Isoparaffin

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

C13-14 isoparaffin is a petroleum-derived ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products primarily as an emollient, but may also function as a thickening agent or gelling ingredient....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Mica

FUNCTIONS:

Mineral

In biology, minerals are defined as inorganic nutrients (this means they do not contain the element carbon). Common minerals that are used in skin care include potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, silica, and selenium. Each of these provides unique properties that help to restore healthy skin. In geology, a mineral is defined as a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a defined chemical composition and a crystalline form. Examples of these minerals used in skin care include gold, silver, pearl, diamond, amethyst, quartz, and tourmaline. These minerals can function as natural antimicrobials and antioxidants, promote microcirculation, and can even act as semiconductors to increase cellular performance and repair. Many of these minerals also provide purely cosmetic effects, for example, diamond helps provide skin with a brilliant luster.

Mica refers to a group of silicate minerals that can be ground down into a fine powder for use in cosmetics. Mica is responsible for adding a shimmering effect to...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Mineral

In biology, minerals are defined as inorganic nutrients (this means they do not contain the element carbon). Common minerals that are used in skin care include potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, silica, and selenium. Each of these provides unique properties that help to restore healthy skin. In geology, a mineral is defined as a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a defined chemical composition and a crystalline form. Examples of these minerals used in skin care include gold, silver, pearl, diamond, amethyst, quartz, and tourmaline. These minerals can function as natural antimicrobials and antioxidants, promote microcirculation, and can even act as semiconductors to increase cellular performance and repair. Many of these minerals also provide purely cosmetic effects, for example, diamond helps provide skin with a brilliant luster.

Dmdm Hydantoin

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

DMDM hydantoin is an antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative. It is able to prevent the growth of microorganisms in cosmetic formulations because the released formaldehyde makes the environment less favorable to

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Allantoin

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

There are a number of chemical compounds that are good for the skin, and one of the most versatile in allantoin. This compound can be found naturally in most animals...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Laureth-4

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Laureth-4 is a synthetic polymer that is used in many different cosmetics and personal care products as a surfactant and emulsifier....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Dimethiconol

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethiconol is a silicone polymer that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a skin and hair-conditioning agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Laureth-7

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Laureth-7 is a synthetic compound that functions as an emulsifier and surfactant in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Butylene Glycol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

When reading skin care product ingredient lists, you may come across a chemical called butylene glycol, and wonder about what it does and how it works. After all, this ingredient...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Carnosine

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Sodium Hyaluronate

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

NMF-replenishing

NMF-replenishing ingredients are those that help to restore the skin’s Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF). The NMF is primarily composed of free amino acids and various derivatives of these amino acids, for example, PCA, urocanic acid, and inorganic salts, sugars, as well as urea and lactic acid. The role of the NMF is to maintain adequate skin hydration. The NMF can become depleted with age and also from routine exposure to sensitizing ingredients like drying cleansing agents and denatured alcohol. This leads to visibly dry, tight-feeling, flaky skin. By using NMF-replenishing ingredients, such as aminos acids, PCA, and lactic acid, the skin will be better hydrated. Ultimately, these ingredients will help the skin look and feel healthy, smooth, and supple.

Sodium hyaluronate is the water-soluble sodium salt form of hyaluronic acid, a natural substance found in various connective tissues of humans that has a unique capacity for retaining water. Skin...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

NMF-replenishing

NMF-replenishing ingredients are those that help to restore the skin’s Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF). The NMF is primarily composed of free amino acids and various derivatives of these amino acids, for example, PCA, urocanic acid, and inorganic salts, sugars, as well as urea and lactic acid. The role of the NMF is to maintain adequate skin hydration. The NMF can become depleted with age and also from routine exposure to sensitizing ingredients like drying cleansing agents and denatured alcohol. This leads to visibly dry, tight-feeling, flaky skin. By using NMF-replenishing ingredients, such as aminos acids, PCA, and lactic acid, the skin will be better hydrated. Ultimately, these ingredients will help the skin look and feel healthy, smooth, and supple.

Sodium Peg-7 Olive Oil Carboxylate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Sodium PEG-7 olive oil carboxylate is formed by reacting fatty acids from olive oil esters with polyethylene glycol (PEG). In cosmetics and personal care products, sodium PEG-7 olive oil carboxylate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Bht

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

BHT stands for butylated hydroxytoluene, an organic compound that is used in cosmetics and personal care products for its antioxidant properties....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Disodium Edta

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Disodium EDTA is an ingredient used in shampoos, moisturizers, cleansers, and other personal care products as a chelating agent to improve product stability....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Peg-100 Stearate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

When it comes to evaluating skin care chemicals to find the best ingredients for skin care, PEG 100 Stearate can be one of those cases where it’s difficult to make...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Peucedanum Graveolens (Dill) Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Fragrance (ChấT TạO HươNg)

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Citric Acid

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Citric acid is a weak organic acid that is used in personal care products to adjust the acidity or promote skin peeling and re-growth in the case of anti-aging products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Chemical Exfoliant

Exfoliation is defined as “the process of removing dead skin cells from the outer layer of your skin”, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. There are two types of exfoliation: physical and chemical. Chemical exfoliation utilizes chemical agents to break up dead skin cells, allowing them to be washed away more easily. Examples of chemical exfoliants include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs). Chemical exfoliants provide numerous skin benefits, such as improving skin texture, increasing cell turnover, brightening a dull complexion, fading dark spots, clearing out pores, reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles, and more. Plus, chemical exfoliants are typically considered to be easier on the skin than physical exfoliants.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Benzyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Benzyl alcohol is an ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. Green tea extract comes from the steaming and drying...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC) is a water-based synthetic preservative that helps prevent bacteria, mold, and other microbes from growing in cosmetics and personal care products. The use of preservatives in cosmetics

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Butylphenyl Methylpropional

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Butylphenyl methylpropional is a synthetic fragrance ingredient that is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products due to its potent floral scent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Linalool

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Linalool is a naturally derived ingredient that is added to cosmetics and personal care products as a fragrance due to its pleasant floral smell....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Benzyl Salicylate

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Benzyl salicylate is a salicylic acid benzyl ester that occurs naturally in a variety of plants and plant extracts. It is a clear, colorless liquid with a sweet, floral aroma.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Hexyl Cinnamal

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Hexyl cinnamal, also known as hexyl cinnamaldehyde, is a fragrance ingredient that imparts a jasmine-like scent. It occurs naturally in the essential oil of chamomile. Hexyl cinnamal can also be

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Xanthan Gum

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Xanthan gum is a natural polysaccharide that is added to cosmetics and personal care products as a binder, emulsion stabilizer, surfactant emulsifying agent, and a viscosity increasing agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Limonene

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Limonene is a compound naturally found in citrus fruits that is used as a fragrance in cosmetics and personal care products, and is also added to foods to enhance flavor....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Citronellol

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Citronellol is a naturally derived ingredient that is added to cosmetics and personal care products as a fragrance due to its sweet, floral scent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Alpha-isomethyl ionone is a synthetic fragrance ingredient that imparts a powdery floral scent, reminiscent of violet and orris. It is a colorless or pale straw-colored liquid. Alpha-isomethyl ionone is used

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4

FUNCTIONS:

peptide

Peptides are fragments of proteins that consist of two or more amino acids linked in a chain. When two amino acids are joined together by a single bond it is called a dipeptide. Three linked amino acids are a tripeptide, followed by tetrapeptides, etc. The feature that distinguishes peptides from proteins is their size: peptides typically contain approximately 50 or fewer amino acids, whereas proteins consist of one or more polypeptides (a long peptide chain).There are many different peptides used in skin care products that are each designed to target specific skin concerns. For example, many peptides function as messenger peptides because they send messages or signals to cells. Cells have the ability to communicate with each other to coordinate certain actions, which is known as cell-signaling. For instance, when collagen is degraded it produces peptides that signal skin cells to generate more collagen. Synthetic peptides, such as tripeptide-1 and palmitoyl pentapeptide, can mimic these naturally occurring peptides, thus causing your skin to “think” collagen is deteriorating. This results in new collagen production. Over time, increased collagen levels promotes firmer skin with less fine lines and wrinkles.

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4 is a type of peptide. Peptides are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide bonds. For example, when two amino acids are joined together by a

FUNCTIONS:

peptide

Peptides are fragments of proteins that consist of two or more amino acids linked in a chain. When two amino acids are joined together by a single bond it is called a dipeptide. Three linked amino acids are a tripeptide, followed by tetrapeptides, etc. The feature that distinguishes peptides from proteins is their size: peptides typically contain approximately 50 or fewer amino acids, whereas proteins consist of one or more polypeptides (a long peptide chain).There are many different peptides used in skin care products that are each designed to target specific skin concerns. For example, many peptides function as messenger peptides because they send messages or signals to cells. Cells have the ability to communicate with each other to coordinate certain actions, which is known as cell-signaling. For instance, when collagen is degraded it produces peptides that signal skin cells to generate more collagen. Synthetic peptides, such as tripeptide-1 and palmitoyl pentapeptide, can mimic these naturally occurring peptides, thus causing your skin to “think” collagen is deteriorating. This results in new collagen production. Over time, increased collagen levels promotes firmer skin with less fine lines and wrinkles.

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