Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream Review - The Dermatology Review

Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream Review

SKIN CARE REVIEWS

05.01.20 AD DISCLOSURE

What is Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream?

Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream is a rich facial cream that is ideal for dry skin, but can be used on normal skin for those who prefer a richer texture. It is said to intensely hydrate and seal in moisture, helping to replenish ceramides for a healthy bounce and instant luminosity. In this review, we’ll discuss the key ingredients found in this cream, how to use it, Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream reviews from real customers, an alternative for you to consider, and more. 

What are the key Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream ingredients?

The highest concentration ingredient in Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream (after water) is the brand’s proprietary Hadasei-3 Anti-Aging Complex. Hadasei-3 is a combination of three Japanese anti-aging superfoods: Okinawa red algae, Uji green tea, and Japanese rice bran. Since these are unique ingredients that you probably won’t find in any other skin care product, we’re going to explain each one in detail below.

Okinawa red algae is rich in natural polysaccharides, which are sugar molecules that can absorb a high amount of moisture. This natural algae also provides beneficial nutrients such as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, proteins, and nearly all essential vitamins. Research has found that Okinawa Red Algae may enhance water retention and barrier function when topically applied to the skin. Okinawa red algae is combined with hyaluronic acid in the Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream for an intense moisturizing effect. 

Obtained from Kyoto, Japan, Uji green tea is a powerful antioxidant-rich botanical that is known to help prevent signs of premature aging. Green tea is a rich source of epigallocatechin gallate, or EGCG, a type of polyphenol that is widely regarded as one of the most powerful antioxidants available. EGCG targets free radicals, particularly those caused by UV-induced oxidative damage. In order to isolate the essential actives from Uji green tea without the use of heat or chemicals, Tatcha uses a patented sonic-extraction process. According to the brand, this yields an extract that is 12 times more potent than conventional extraction methods.

The final ingredient that makes up the Hadasei-3 Anti-Aging Complex is Japanese rice bran, also known as komenuka. This rice is known as the finest rice in Japan for its superior taste and quality. Komenuka is rich in inositol and gamma oryzanol, which are both antioxidants and nourishing moisturizers. It is a vital source of vitamins A, B2, B12 and E, as well as naturally moisturizing proteins. Lastly, Japanese rice bran contains a high concentration of the antioxidant anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is known to help skin recover from and protect against stress, pollution, and UV damage, thereby promoting healthier-looking skin.

In addition to Hadasei-3, Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream contains many more beneficial ingredients, including squalane, mallow flower extract, ginseng root extract, inositol, and even gold. Below is a brief description of how each of these ingredients will benefit your skin: 

  • Squalane is an emollient that helps to replenish the skin’s barrier function, thereby helping to keep the skin hydrated and smooth
  • Mallow flower extract is very soothing and is known to help calm inflammation, particularly inflammatory skin conditions such as acne and eczema
  • Ginseng root extract is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory botanical extract that is also known to help fade dark spots by inhibiting melanogenesis
  • Inositol is a humectant, which means it draws moisture into the upper layers of skin to improve hydration
  • Gold has been shown to stimulate blood circulation, enhance the absorption of other active ingredients, and improve the firmness and elasticity of skin.

How to use Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream

Scoop a pearl-sized amount of Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream with the gold spoon. Then, massage onto face, neck, and décolletage in upward strokes. It is recommended to use Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream twice daily (morning and night).

Where is Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream sold?

Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream is sold on the brand’s website, as well as many third party online sellers such as Sephora, QVC, Amazon, and more. Tatcha Skin Care is also sold at many different physical locations around the world. You can check the brand’s website to find a store near you that sells Tatcha Skin Care products. 

What is the Tatcha return policy?

Tatcha’s return policy states that you can receive a full refund within 90 days for domestic orders on Tatcha.com.

Is Tatcha cruelty free?

Tatcha is cruelty free. None of their products or ingredients are tested on animals. However, Tatcha is owned by Unilever, a parent company that does test on animals when required by law.

Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream reviews

Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream reviews on the brand’s website are overall positive, with the product receiving an average rating of 4.4 out of 5 stars. There are many positive reviews that comment on how well the Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream hydrates the skin all day long. It seems to work well for those with very dry skin, and some reviews even say that it helps with eczema. There are also many reviews that mention how this cream makes the skin feel smooth and gives the complexion a healthy glow.

For example, one very positive Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream review says, “I have SUPER dry skin and makeup would constantly cake on and look terrible. I have extremely sensitive skin so I was wary of any new products, but this completely put my fears to rest. I started using this dewy skin cream and my face never looked better. It’s super lightweight and doesn’t sit on top of your skin. I use less than a pea sized amount and it takes care of my entire face. In fact, my face has actually cleared up because it’s getting the moisture it needs. Its not sticky and doesn’t have a strong scent at all. My skin was also super dull but this cream leaves a really nice and natural glow so you can totally go without putting makeup on over it. Just a really terrific product.”

There’s quite a mix of negative Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream reviews, with some customers experiencing acne breakouts after using this product and others saying that it feels greasy and oily on their skin. There are also reviews that mention the Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream doesn’t work well underneath makeup. For example, one reviewer says, “I purchased this a few weeks ago hoping it will help hydrate my dry face. Although it does hydrate it in the beginning , it is not really ideal under foundation as it does not really sit well both of them together on my face and I feel like it removes my foundation as well. There are cheaper creams for dry skin that are way better.”

What are some alternatives to Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream?

Overall, we think Tatcha Dewy Skin Cream contains a good mix of everything you need in a moisturizer for dry skin: emollients, humectants, antioxidants, and more. But if you have normal or oily skin, this is probably not the ideal moisturizer for you. If you’re looking for a moisturizer that’s lightweight but still hydrates well, we recommend Formulyst’s Ultra Light Gel Moisturizer. 

The Ultra Light Gel Moisturizer has a “light-as-air” texture and provides a soft matte finish. The formula is specifically developed for dull, aging complexions. Cloudberry extract and vitamins A, C and E work to replenish and revitalize the skin, while snow algae extract helps support cells’ natural resilience against environmental damage.

Another Formulyst moisturizer to consider is the Super Hyaluronic Water Moisturizer. This lightweight formula includes sodium hyaluronate, which attracts atmospheric moisture and transforms it into intense hydration for your skin. It also contains jojoba oil and apricot kernel oil to balance oil production. Both of these botanical oils are non-comedogenic, so you don’t have to worry about clogged pores or breakouts. Overall, Formulyst Super Hyaluronic Water Moisturizer can help the skin to feel softer and smoother while promoting a healthier, more youthful appearance.

THE BEST SKIN CARE LINES 2020

1

Formulyst

The philosophy of Formulyst is long-term and effective skincare, rather than covering up any imperfections. The comprehensive line of products tackles everything from wrinkles to dark spots and dry skin. While some brands rely on unnecessary fillers and scents, Formulyst focuses on ingredients that help create results, such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Many of the Formulyst’s products harness the power of plant and citrus extracts as well as gold-standard workhorses such as retinol. Read More
2

Advanced Dermatology

The Advanced Dermatology skin care regimen addresses the most pressing aging concerns. It can be used by men and women in their 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s and beyond. This award-winning system can help diminish wrinkle appearance, reduce dark spots and hyperpigmentation, fade away redness, even out skin tone and improve the appearance of eye bags and dark circles. Some of the standout products in this line include the Super Youth Serum, Complete Age Defense and Anti-Wrinkle Firming Night Treatment. Read More

Aqua/Water/Eau

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

When you see “water\aqua\eau” on a product’s ingredient label, it simply means water. Manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products are required by law to list all of the ingredients...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Saccharomyces/Camellia Sinensis Leaf/Cladosiphon Okamuranus/Rice Ferment Filtrate*

FUNCTIONS:

Fermented Ingredient

Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms.The benefits of fermented ingredients in skin care are similar to the benefits of consuming fermented foods, which aid in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. In skin care products, microorganisms like bacteria or yeast release enzymes that break down other ingredients into smaller molecules. Active ingredients in skin care products are often too large to penetrate deeply into the skin, so by breaking them down into smaller molecules, fermented ingredients facilitate the absorption of these ingredients. Better absorption leads to better results. In addition to easier and quicker absorption, fermentation works to increase the nutrient density, making the product’s ingredients more powerful. For example, fermented yeast adds beneficial nutrients to the product formulation since the fermentation process produces amino acids, peptides, beta-glucans, and more. These nutrients help to stimulate the skin’s cellular renewal and improve hydration. Lastly, fermented ingredients reduce the risk of skin irritation by neutralizing toxic substances, such as heavy metals and pesticides that may be present in trace amounts. By neutralizing toxins, fermented ingredients make the product safer, more effective, and better tolerated for sensitive skin types.

Saccharomyces/Camellia Sinensis Leaf/Cladosiphon Okamuranus/Rice Ferment Filtrate, also known as Hadasei-3™, is an ingredient created by skin care brand Tatcha. Hadasei-3™ is a trinity of Japanese anti-aging superfoods: green tea, rice,

FUNCTIONS:

Fermented Ingredient

Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms.The benefits of fermented ingredients in skin care are similar to the benefits of consuming fermented foods, which aid in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. In skin care products, microorganisms like bacteria or yeast release enzymes that break down other ingredients into smaller molecules. Active ingredients in skin care products are often too large to penetrate deeply into the skin, so by breaking them down into smaller molecules, fermented ingredients facilitate the absorption of these ingredients. Better absorption leads to better results. In addition to easier and quicker absorption, fermentation works to increase the nutrient density, making the product’s ingredients more powerful. For example, fermented yeast adds beneficial nutrients to the product formulation since the fermentation process produces amino acids, peptides, beta-glucans, and more. These nutrients help to stimulate the skin’s cellular renewal and improve hydration. Lastly, fermented ingredients reduce the risk of skin irritation by neutralizing toxic substances, such as heavy metals and pesticides that may be present in trace amounts. By neutralizing toxins, fermented ingredients make the product safer, more effective, and better tolerated for sensitive skin types.

Glycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Glycerin is an ingredient that can be found in many beauty products because of its moisture locking properties. It is a form of sugar alcohol that is available naturally in...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Propanediol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Propanediol is a naturally derived ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as an emollient, humectant, and solvent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Dimethicone

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone, which is a silicone oil, is also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and is used in a number of health and beauty products. Those who purchase skin care products with...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Squalane

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Many beauty and skin care experts have lauded the effects of squalane on the skin. This oil, which occurs naturally in the body, is also found in olive oil and...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Diisostearyl Malate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Behenyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Behenyl alcohol functions as an opacifying ingredient, thickener, emollient, and emulsifier in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Myristyl Myristate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Myristyl myristate is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products as an emollient, texture enhancer, and co-emulsifier....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Dipentaerythrityl Hexahydroxystearate

Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2 is a synthetic ingredient that is produced by heating diglycerin, adipic acid, isostearic acid, 12-hydroxystearic acid, stearic acid, caprylic acid and capric acid with catalysts. The result is

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Tridecyl Trimellitate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Chondrus Crispus Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Chondrus crispus, also known as Irish moss or carrageen moss, is a species of red algae. The principal component of Chondrus crispus is a viscous substance made of the polysaccharide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Betaphycus Gelatinum Extract

Eisenia Arborea Extract

Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Oryza sativa is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. Bran is the hard outer layer of the grain, often produced as a by-product of milling...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Panax Ginseng Root Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Ginseng is the root of plants in the genus Panax, including the species Korean ginseng (P. ginseng), South China ginseng (P. notoginseng), and American ginseng (P. quinquefolius). Ginseng has been...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Origanum Majorana Leaf Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Thymus Serpyllum Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Malva Sylvestris (Mallow) Flower Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Sodium Hyaluronate

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

NMF-replenishing

NMF-replenishing ingredients are those that help to restore the skin’s Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF). The NMF is primarily composed of free amino acids and various derivatives of these amino acids, for example, PCA, urocanic acid, and inorganic salts, sugars, as well as urea and lactic acid. The role of the NMF is to maintain adequate skin hydration. The NMF can become depleted with age and also from routine exposure to sensitizing ingredients like drying cleansing agents and denatured alcohol. This leads to visibly dry, tight-feeling, flaky skin. By using NMF-replenishing ingredients, such as aminos acids, PCA, and lactic acid, the skin will be better hydrated. Ultimately, these ingredients will help the skin look and feel healthy, smooth, and supple.

Sodium hyaluronate is the water-soluble sodium salt form of hyaluronic acid, a natural substance found in various connective tissues of humans that has a unique capacity for retaining water. Skin...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

NMF-replenishing

NMF-replenishing ingredients are those that help to restore the skin’s Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF). The NMF is primarily composed of free amino acids and various derivatives of these amino acids, for example, PCA, urocanic acid, and inorganic salts, sugars, as well as urea and lactic acid. The role of the NMF is to maintain adequate skin hydration. The NMF can become depleted with age and also from routine exposure to sensitizing ingredients like drying cleansing agents and denatured alcohol. This leads to visibly dry, tight-feeling, flaky skin. By using NMF-replenishing ingredients, such as aminos acids, PCA, and lactic acid, the skin will be better hydrated. Ultimately, these ingredients will help the skin look and feel healthy, smooth, and supple.

Inositol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Inositol is a carbocyclic sugar that is made naturally in humans from glucose by the kidneys. The highest concentration of inositol in the human body is in the brain where...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Gold

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Gold has been used in beauty products throughout history. For example, Cleopatra was said to have slept in a gold mask, and the Chinese were using gold as medicine in

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Sericin

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

FUNCTIONS:

Misc

Miscellaneous ingredients are unique ingredients that do not fit into any other category.

Phytosteryl Macadamiate

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

FUNCTIONS:

Barrier Replenishing

Barrier replenishing ingredients are those that help restore the skin’s natural barrier. The outermost layer of skin, known as the stratum corneum, acts as a primary barrier between the body and its environment. The stratum corneum is composed of dead skin cells known as corneocytes that are held together by a lipid matrix. The lipid matrix contains about 50 percent ceramides, 25 percent cholesterol, and about 10 to 15 percent fatty acids. Without these essential lipids, the barrier is weakened. A weak or damaged barrier leads to transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and may allow harmful things like allergens, bacteria, and irritants to pass through into the deeper layers of skin. This can lead to symptoms of dryness, itching, and irritation, and may eventually cause skin conditions such as acne, eczema, sensitive skin, and even signs of aging. Ingredients that help replenish the skin’s barrier function, such as ceramides, cholesterol, and fatty acids, are classified as barrier replenishing ingredients.

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Butylene Glycol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

When reading skin care product ingredient lists, you may come across a chemical called butylene glycol, and wonder about what it does and how it works. After all, this ingredient...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Beheneth-20

Sorbitan Tristearate

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Sorbitan tristearate is a triester of stearic acid and hexitol anhydrides derived from sorbitol. Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid that can be obtained from both animal and vegetable

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Disodium Edta

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Disodium EDTA is an ingredient used in shampoos, moisturizers, cleansers, and other personal care products as a chelating agent to improve product stability....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone, which is a silicone oil, is also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and is used in a number of health and beauty products. Those who purchase skin care products with...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Sodium Acrylate/Acryloyldimethyltaurate/Dimethylacrylamide Crosspolymer

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Sorbitan Isostearate

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Sorbitan isostearate is composed of sorbitol and isostearic acid, a fatty acid. It is a nonionic surfactant that can function as an emulsifier, detergent, spreading or dispersing agent. The key

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Ethylhexylglycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Ethylhexylglycerin is a natural preservative derived from glycerin that also functions as a surfactant, a deodorizing agent, and a skin-conditioning agent in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Parfum/Fragrance

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Alcohol

There are two types of alcohol used in skin care: volatile alcohols and fatty alcohols. Volatile alcohols include ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, and denatured alcohol (i.e. Alcohol Denat., SD Alcohol 40, etc.). Since these alcohols are volatile, they give products a quick-drying finish while reducing excess oil and shine. However, volatile alcohols are well known to cause skin dryness, irritation, and even disruption of the skin barrier with continued use. While these alcohols will immediately degrease the skin, they actually dry out the skin so much that the skin will produce more oil over time to compensate for the dryness. Overall, it is recommended to avoid products that contain a high concentration of volatile alcohols. On the other hand, fatty alcohols in skin care are non-irritating and can actually offer many benefits. Fatty alcohols include ingredients such as cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol. They are typically derived from natural ingredients like coconut or vegetable oil. Fatty alcohols have emollient properties, which means they help to lock in moisture and protect your skin from damaging environmental factors

FUNCTIONS:

Alcohol

There are two types of alcohol used in skin care: volatile alcohols and fatty alcohols. Volatile alcohols include ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, and denatured alcohol (i.e. Alcohol Denat., SD Alcohol 40, etc.). Since these alcohols are volatile, they give products a quick-drying finish while reducing excess oil and shine. However, volatile alcohols are well known to cause skin dryness, irritation, and even disruption of the skin barrier with continued use. While these alcohols will immediately degrease the skin, they actually dry out the skin so much that the skin will produce more oil over time to compensate for the dryness. Overall, it is recommended to avoid products that contain a high concentration of volatile alcohols. On the other hand, fatty alcohols in skin care are non-irritating and can actually offer many benefits. Fatty alcohols include ingredients such as cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol. They are typically derived from natural ingredients like coconut or vegetable oil. Fatty alcohols have emollient properties, which means they help to lock in moisture and protect your skin from damaging environmental factors

Phenoxyethanol

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Phenoxyethanol is glycol ether used as a preservative in cosmetic products and medicines. This is a kind of ether alcohol with aromatic properties that can enhance a skin product’s scent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Mica (Ci 77019)

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Mica refers to a group of silicate minerals that can be ground down into a fine powder for use in cosmetics. Mica is responsible for adding a shimmering effect to

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891)

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Titanium dioxide is the naturally occurring oxide of the element titanium. In cosmetics and personal care products, titanium dioxide functions as a sunscreen active ingredient, pigment, and thickener. Titanium dioxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Tin Oxide (Ci 77861)

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Tin oxide, also known as stannic oxide, is an inorganic compound with the formula SnO2. The mineral form of tin oxide is called cassiterite, and this is the main ore

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Violet 2 (Ci 60725)

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