Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as the date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family. It is cultivated for its edible fruit, which can range from bright red to bright yellow in color, depending on variety. Dates are very sweet, containing about 75% sugar (glucose and fructose) when dried. The date fruit has been used in folk medicines for treating heart diseases and also for antifungal and antibacterial purposes.
Date fruit extract is used in skin care products because it is a rich source of vitamins (A, C, and B complex), fibers, minerals, and phenolic compounds having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Polyphenols like cinnamic acid, coumaric acid, and ferulic acid are major compounds found in date fruit extract. These compounds are known to have antioxidant activity. Antioxidants protect the skin from free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. Date fruit extract also provides essential fatty acids that moisturize and nourish the skin. Research has demonstrated that date fruit extract improves skin elasticity, pigmentation, redness, brightness, and hydration.