Coffea arabica, also known as Arabian coffee, is the dominant cultivar, representing some 60% of global production of coffee. The seeds produced by the Coffea arabica plant are contained in a drupe (commonly called a “cherry”), which mature to be bright red to purple in color and typically contains two seeds, the actual coffee beans. Cold-pressing green coffee beans results in Coffea arabica seed extract. Research suggests that green, unroasted coffee beans provide numerous skin-related benefits when applied topically.
Coffea arabica seed extract contains a high concentration of essential fatty acids, sterols, and vitamin E. Essential fatty acids and sterols help to replenish the skin’s barrier function, which keep the skin hydrated and protected from external elements. Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant that protects the skin from free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. Research on Coffea arabica seed extract has also demonstrated that this ingredient has the ability to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. These two proteins improve the strength and elasticity of the skin, resulting in a more youthful complexion.