Camellia japonica, also known as Japanese camellia, is a flowering tree or shrub. It produces a fruit which consists of a globe-shaped capsule with three compartments, each with one or two large brown seeds. Oil extracted from the seeds is rich in fatty acids and vitamins A, D, and E. Unsaturated fatty acids represent the majority of the total fatty acid content of Camellia japonica seed oil, with oleic acid making up about 80%. Oleic acid is an omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acid that has potent moisturizing properties. For this reason, Camellia japonica seed oil is an excellent ingredient for those with dry, flaky skin. Plus, it is quickly absorbed and leaves no greasy feeling. Camellia japonica is also known for its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties.