Chanel Le Lift Eye Cream Review - The Dermatology Review

Chanel Le Lift Eye Cream Review

SKIN CARE REVIEWS

12.19.18 AD DISCLOSURE

If you’re looking for a truly luxurious eye cream, the Chanel Le Lift Eye Cream may be an excellent option to look into. The main technologies in this product are the result of 12 years of research lookin at new and innovative ways to target and address individual aging concerns around the eye area. The resulting formula is rich in unique ingredients, namely Edulis Morning Glory. But rather than simply including this extract, the brand went even further to create and patent a compound that is 50 times stronger than the original molecule. Today, this ingredient is simply referred to as 3.5-DA. This ingredient detects signs of aging on the skin and specifically targets them, improving skin tone, suppleness and overall firmness in the skin. In addition to this patented technology, this product also features the brand’s 360 Eye Opening Complex which specifically targets puffiness and dark circles to create a more even and brighten under eye area.

THE BEST SKIN CARE LINES 2020

1

Formulyst

The philosophy of Formulyst is long-term and effective skincare, rather than covering up any imperfections. The comprehensive line of products tackles everything from wrinkles to dark spots and dry skin. While some brands rely on unnecessary fillers and scents, Formulyst focuses on ingredients that help create results, such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Many of the Formulyst’s products harness the power of plant and citrus extracts as well as gold-standard workhorses such as retinol. Read More
2

Advanced Dermatology

The Advanced Dermatology skin care regimen addresses the most pressing aging concerns. It can be used by men and women in their 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s and beyond. This award-winning system can help diminish wrinkle appearance, reduce dark spots and hyperpigmentation, fade away redness, even out skin tone and improve the appearance of eye bags and dark circles. Some of the standout products in this line include the Super Youth Serum, Complete Age Defense and Anti-Wrinkle Firming Night Treatment. Read More

Water

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

When you see “water\aqua\eau” on a product’s ingredient label, it simply means water. Manufacturers of cosmetics and personal care products are required by law to list all of the ingredients...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Glycerin

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Glycerin is an ingredient that can be found in many beauty products because of its moisture locking properties. It is a form of sugar alcohol that is available naturally in...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that forms when the body absorbs more niacin than it actually needs. This chemical can be found in many different kinds of foods...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Dimethicone

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Dimethicone, which is a silicone oil, is also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and is used in a number of health and beauty products. Those who purchase skin care products with...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Silicone

Silicones are synthetic polymers with a backbone composed of repeating units of siloxane (elemental silicon and oxygen), combined with other elements, most often carbon and hydrogen. Thus, silicones can also be called polysiloxanes. Often, the terms “silicone” and “silicon” are mistakenly used interchangeably, when they are actually quite different.Silicon is the 14th element on the periodic table and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust, after oxygen. In contrast, silicones are always synthetically produced. As a class, silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. These ingredients act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and delivery agents for other skin care ingredients. Silicones are able to help with skin redness and irritation due to their low surface tension, which enables them to spread easily across the surface of skin and form a protective covering. This covering consists of both water-binding and water-resistant molecules. The water-binding portion is the highly flexible and mobile siloxane backbone, which binds to moisture in the air and holds it to the skin. The water-repelling methyl groups orient themselves toward the surface, creating a waterproof "umbrella” that prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This property makes silicones useful for water-resistant sunscreens.

Stearyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Stearyl alcohol is a natural fatty alcohol that is used as an emollient, emulsifier, and thickener in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Cetyl Palmitate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Ptfe

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

PTFE stands for polytetrafluoroethylene, which is also known by the brand name Teflon. PTFE is a high molecular weight compound that is composed entirely of carbon and fluorine, which is

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E)

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Tocopheryl acetate is a form of vitamin E used in skin care products due to its powerful antioxidant properties and natural skin-conditioning effects....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Panthenol

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Panthenol is a common ingredient that is found in a number of hair and skin products because of its ability to attract moisture and build healthier hair. This ingredient, which...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Retinyl Propionate

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Ethylhexyl Salicylate

FUNCTIONS:

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Ethylhexyl salicylate, also known as octyl salicylate, is an ester formed by the condensation of salicylic acid with 2-ethylhexanol, a fatty alcohol.  It is a colorless, oily liquid with a

FUNCTIONS:

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Capric/Caprylic Stearic Triglyceride

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

FUNCTIONS:

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Cetearyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Cetearyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsion stabilizer, surfactant, opacifying agent, and a viscosity-increasing agent in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Behenyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Behenyl alcohol functions as an opacifying ingredient, thickener, emollient, and emulsifier in cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Polyacrylamide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Polyacrylamide is a polymer that is used in a wide variety of cosmetics and personal care products due to its ability to form a thin coating on the skin, hair,...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Titanium Dioxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

Titanium dioxide is the naturally occurring oxide of the element titanium. In cosmetics and personal care products, titanium dioxide functions as a sunscreen active ingredient, pigment, and thickener. Titanium dioxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sunscreen

Sunscreen contains active ingredients that absorb or reflect the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens can be categorized based on their ingredients into two groups: physical and chemical sunscreens. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, protect your skin by using physical UV filters to block or deflect UV light. Physical sunscreens tend to be better tolerated by most skin types because they are not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreens, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, and avobenzone, protect the skin by first absorbing UV light, then transforming that light energy into some other form of energy, such as heat. A benefit of chemical sunscreens is their ability to defend the deeper layers of skin, including collagen fibers and other tissue, against the aging effects of UVA rays.  In order for a sunscreen to be labeled as “broad spectrum”, the active ingredients must be able to protect the skin from both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Lastly, sunscreens will have a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) on their label. SPF is defined by the FDA as “how well a sunscreen protects you from sunburn”. Thus, the number following SPF on a sunscreen label tells you how much UVB light that sunscreen can filter out. For example, SPF 15 can filter 93% of the sun’s UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 can filter 97%.

C13 14 Isoparaffin

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Cetyl Ricinoleate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Cetyl ricinoleate is an ester of cetyl alcohol (a fatty alcohol) and ricinoleic acid (an unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid). The triglyceride form of ricinoleic acid is a major component of

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Carbomer

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Carbomer is the trade name for polyacrylic acid (PAA), a group of synthetic high molecular weight polymers of acrylic acid used in cosmetics and personal care products as thickening agents....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Laureth 7

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. Green tea extract comes from the steaming and drying...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Plant Extract

Plant extracts are used in a variety of skin care products because they contain beneficial components such as oils, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. With many plants, manufacturers can obtain beneficial extracts from all parts of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, nuts, fruit, or bark. By definition, extraction is the separation of medicinally active portions of a plant, leaving behind any residue that cannot be used. There are many methods to extract these active portions of the plant, for example, solvent extraction, distillation method, pressing, and sublimation. Cold pressing is considered to be the best method for extracting active components from the plant. A cold press compacts plant parts (i.e. seeds, nuts, etc.) between two plates, releasing their natural oil. Applying heat to the plant as it is being pressed can speed up the process and produce more oil; the downside is that this heat can also break down the nutritional content and reduce the extract’s effectiveness.

Polysorbate 20

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Polysorbate 20 is a surfactant, emulsifier, and fragrance ingredient that is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Peg 100 Stearate

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

When it comes to evaluating skin care chemicals to find the best ingredients for skin care, PEG 100 Stearate can be one of those cases where it’s difficult to make...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emollient

Emollients are ingredients that hydrate and improve the skin softness, flexibility, and smoothness. Examples of emollients include petrolatum, mineral oil, and various oils. Emollients are used in products such as creams, ointments, serums, and lotions. They improve skin softness and smoothness immediately after application.

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Stearic Acid

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid with an 18 carbon chain that is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products, as a fragrance ingredient, surfactant, and...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Emulsifier

An emulsifier is an ingredient that is added to a formulation for the purpose of keeping ingredients from separating in an emulsion. By definition, an emulsion is a dispersion of two or more immiscible (normally incapable of being mixed) ingredients. For example, a formulation that contains both water and oil components is an emulsion and would require an emulsifier. This is because when water and oil are mixed together and shaken, a dispersion of oil droplets in water - and vice versa - is formed. However, these two phases can separate if the product is left to settle. To address this problem, an emulsifier can be added to the system to help the droplets remain dispersed. improve the consistency of a product, which enables an even distribution of topical skin care benefits.

Surfactant

Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactantsare ingredients that lower the surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. A surfactant molecule contains one end that is hydrophilic (attracted to water) and one end that is lipophilic (attracted to oil). This allows surfactants to attract and suspends oils, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on the skin and wash them away. Due to these properties, surfactants are used in products such as cleansers, body washes, and shampoos. Surfactants can be classified by the charge characteristics of their polar (hydrophilic) head groups. The four classifications are anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and non-ionic. Anionic surfactants, such as carboxylic acids and sulfates, have a negative charge on their polar head groups and are most useful for applications that require good cleansing and foam. Cationic surfactants, such as amines and quaternized ammonium compounds (quats), have a positive charge on their polar head and provide conditioning effects. Amphoteric surfactants have the potential to either have a positive or negative charge, depending on the pH of the finished product. Amphoteric surfactants, such as coco betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, are primarily used as secondary surfactants in cosmetics and personal care products. Lastly, non-ionic surfactants have no specific charge in their hydrophilic head, and are primarily used as emulsifiers, conditioning ingredients, and solubilizing agents. Nonionic surfactants have no foaming capabilities and provide very gentle cleansing properties to the formulation.=

Dmdm Hydantoin

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

DMDM hydantoin is an antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative. It is able to prevent the growth of microorganisms in cosmetic formulations because the released formaldehyde makes the environment less favorable to

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC) is a water-based synthetic preservative that helps prevent bacteria, mold, and other microbes from growing in cosmetics and personal care products. The use of preservatives in cosmetics

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Butylene Glycol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

When reading skin care product ingredient lists, you may come across a chemical called butylene glycol, and wonder about what it does and how it works. After all, this ingredient...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Humectant

A humectant is a hygroscopic substance that has a molecular structure with several hydrophilic (water loving) groups, such as hydroxyl groups (OH) and/or amine groups (NH2). There needs to be enough NH and OH groups on the molecule to counteract the nonpolar parts (i.e. hydrocarbon portion), allowing the overall molecule to be polar enough to attract water. The OH and NH groups hydrogen bond with water, essentially “grabbing” it and holding it on the skin. Humectants slow water from evaporating and therefore keep the skin hydrated. Examples of humectants include glycerin, amino acids, peptides, urea, and hyaluronic acid.

Sodium Hydroxide

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Sodium hydroxide is a highly alkaline ingredient that is used in small amounts in cosmetics and personal care products to establish and hold the pH of a product....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Ammonium Polyacrylate

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Methylparaben

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

If you’ve purchased a product that has methylparaben in the ingredient list, you may have some concerns over whether it’s safe to use. After all, you’ve probably heard about the...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Propylparaben

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Anyone who reads the ingredients of their cosmetics, such as eye shadow, eyeliner, and foundation, may note that a common ingredient in all of them is propylparaben. This ingredient exists...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Benzyl Alcohol

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Benzyl alcohol is an ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Fragrance

When the term “fragrance” is used on a product’s ingredient list, it may refer to one ingredient or a blend of natural and/or synthetic substances that provide a distinct smell to the product. Individual fragrance components may also be found on the ingredient list, such as linalool, limonene, geraniol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, cinnamal, and more. Most fragrance ingredients impart a scent through a volatile reaction. In addition to imparting a pleasant odor, fragrance ingredients can be used to mask unpleasant smells from other ingredients. Fragrances can also be used to signal cleanliness and freshness, as well as create a certain mood, alleviate stress, or promote a sense of wellbeing. What’s important to keep in mind with fragrance is that both natural and synthetic ingredients pose the risk of sensitization and irritation for all skin types, not just those with sensitive skin.

Preservative

A preservative is a natural or synthetic ingredient that is added to a cosmetic product to prevent microbial contamination (bacteria, mold, yeast, etc.), as well as to prevent degradation by environmental factors such as heat, light, and air. Cosmetics have a high potential for microbial contamination and growth. The most susceptible products are creams and lotions that are packaged in jars, opened frequently, and applied to the skin with the fingers. Inadvertent contamination may also occur after the use of makeup brushes around the eyes or other parts of the face that touch the skin and the cosmetic repeatedly. Each use increases the chance for contamination. Furthermore, contamination may occur if the consumer leaves a product container open for an extended period of time. Another major cause of product contamination is storage conditions. Since the majority of products are stored at room temperature, the warm temperature can stimulate the growth of microorganisms. Plus, the ingredients used in cosmetic formulations, such as water, oils, peptides, and carbohydrates, create the perfect environment for microorganism growth. Microbial contamination can lead to many problems, such as skin irritation and infections.To avoid these problems, a strong yet non-irritating preservative must be added to the formulation of a product. Examples of commonly used preservatives in skin care include phenoxyethanol, chlorphenesin, sodium benzoate, and parabens.

Disodium Edta

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Disodium EDTA is an ingredient used in shampoos, moisturizers, cleansers, and other personal care products as a chelating agent to improve product stability....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Bht

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

BHT stands for butylated hydroxytoluene, an organic compound that is used in cosmetics and personal care products for its antioxidant properties....Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Formulation Enhancer

A formulation enhancer is any ingredient that is used to improve the look, feel, texture, stability, rheology, or appearance of a cosmetic product. A formulation enhancer does not provide a direct benefit to the skin, but rather improves the product and the user’s experience of the product.

Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

Ascorbic acid is another name for vitamin C, an antioxidant that is popular in skin care products due to its ability to brighten skin, reduce the appearance of fine lines...Learn More

FUNCTIONS:

Vitamin

Vitamins are organic substances (that just means they include the element carbon) that are essential for normal growth and nutrition, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins include all 8 B vitamins, as well as vitamin C and vitamin P (bioflavonoids). The most common vitamins used in skin care products include vitamins A, C, and E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), and panthenol (provitamin B5). The majority of vitamins function as antioxidants. Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals, the unstable molecules that contribute to the formation of premature wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. In addition to functioning as antioxidants, each vitamin provides unique skin care benefits. For example, vitamin C is well known to help fade dark spots and brighten the complexion, while vitamin E can help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.

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